bells in South Asia
are mainly of the B type, one type
A tiger bell and two tiger bells
type C are reported.
One bell type C,
similar to those found in Nepal; on
the catalogue card the country of origin, 'Tibet', is followed
by a question mark
Ethnological Museum, collected in 1948.
unknown, probably common
One type A tiger bell, probably used for dogs.
Leyden Ethnological Museum, procured in 1957.
yak belts with type B tiger bells
were sold at the Tibetan Refugee market in New Delhi in the late
seventies and early eighties. Belts such as these are in the Rotterdam
Ethnological Museum and in the author's collection.
Yak belt, Rotterdam Ethnological Museum
Yak belt with eight
bells (two missing), bought in New Delhi, at the
Tibetan Refugee market, 1975 (author's collection)
B bell, on the yak belt above
Dimensions: wide 4,5 cm. high 4,1 cm. side 5 cm. hoop 1,6 cm. rectangular
small type A tiger bell, silver plated, on a silver prayer mill.
Photographed in an antique shop in Singapore.
tiger bells, one type B (left) and one type C (right), bought in
Lhasa in 2008.
Type B (left): diameter front: 4 cm.; side: 4,5 cm.
Type C (right): diameter front: 3,8 cm.; side: 4,7 cm.
by Toos Suyker and Jan Verdiessen; the bells were donated
to them by I. van der Meulen, who visited Lhasa in 2008.
alternative tiger bells, dimensions: 34 mm x 25 mm. No further
Compare these bells
with the bells from Malaysia.
of the Nonsuch
Gallery in England reports:
I have a shaman's
tiger bell chain necklace which you may be interested to see,
purchased from a Kathmandu antiques dealer in the late 1980s.
On the website we find
the following photograph and description:
chain] was purchased from a Tibetan antiques dealer in Kathmandu
in the late 1980's. This shamans bell necklace measures
approximately 100 cm (39 inches) end to end, and features 17 bells;
12 of which are wonderfully detailed bronze tiger bells and 4
small brass shrine bells plus a tiny bronze charm bell. The tiger
bells on this chain have an average diameter of 4½ cm with
a larger one in the middle. All the bells are strung out at intervals
along a hand-made iron chain that is attached at both ends to
a hand-made iron bow-shaped handgrip measuring 8 cm. An unusual
tasseled leather, or snakeskin, amulet or pouch, decorated on
one side with 4 cowrie shells, is attached to the iron handgrip.
is more or less similar to the chain
from Nepal, except for the pendant which seems to be a metal
hanger with a small piece of leather decorated with four cowrey
shells. The chain is used by shamans. The tiger bells are of the
C type, that occurs mainly in the Himalaya area (see also: Bhutan,
Tibet and Nepal). The other bells are conical
Tibetan market (source: unknown). The horses have harnesses
with probably type B tiger bells.
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